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English-Russian scientific dictionary. 2008.

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• Adjoint endomorphism — In mathematics, the adjoint endomorphism or adjoint action is an endomorphism of Lie algebras that plays a fundamental role in the development of the theory of Lie algebras and Lie groups.Given an element x of a Lie algebra mathfrak{g}, one… …   Wikipedia

• Adjoint functors — Adjunction redirects here. For the construction in field theory, see Adjunction (field theory). For the construction in topology, see Adjunction space. In mathematics, adjoint functors are pairs of functors which stand in a particular… …   Wikipedia

• Self-adjoint operator — In mathematics, on a finite dimensional inner product space, a self adjoint operator is one that is its own adjoint, or, equivalently, one whose matrix is Hermitian, where a Hermitian matrix is one which is equal to its own conjugate transpose.… …   Wikipedia

• Hilbert space — For the Hilbert space filling curve, see Hilbert curve. Hilbert spaces can be used to study the harmonics of vibrating strings. The mathematical concept of a Hilbert space, named after David Hilbert, generalizes the notion of Euclidean space. It… …   Wikipedia

• Galois connection — In mathematics, especially in order theory, a Galois connection is a particular correspondence between two partially ordered sets (posets). Galois connections generalize the correspondence between subgroups and subfields investigated in Galois… …   Wikipedia

• Borel functional calculus — In functional analysis, a branch of mathematics, the Borel functional calculus is a functional calculus (that is, an assignment of operators from commutative algebras to functions defined on their spectrum), which has particularly broad… …   Wikipedia

• Quantum logic — In mathematical physics and quantum mechanics, quantum logic is a set of rules for reasoning about propositions which takes the principles of quantum theory into account. This research area and its name originated in the 1936 paper by Garrett… …   Wikipedia

• Decomposition of spectrum (functional analysis) — In mathematics, especially functional analysis, the spectrum of an operator generalizes the notion of eigenvalues. Given an operator, it is sometimes useful to break up the spectrum into various parts. This article discusses a few examples of… …   Wikipedia

• Lie group — Lie groups …   Wikipedia

• Differential operator — In mathematics, a differential operator is an operator defined as a function of the differentiation operator. It is helpful, as a matter of notation first, to consider differentiation as an abstract operation, accepting a function and returning… …   Wikipedia

• Raytracing — (dt. Strahlverfolgung[1] oder Strahlenverfolgung[2], in englischer Schreibweise meist ray tracing) ist ein auf der Aussendung von Strahlen basierender Algorithmus zur Verdeckungsberechnung, also zur Ermittlung der Sichtbarkeit von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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